Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Derivative Liabilities

Derivative Liabilities
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2018
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
Derivative Liabilities
7.   Derivative Liabilities


Derivative liabilities at December 31, 2017 arose from an amendment the Company entered into with Brainlab, with respect to the Brainlab Note and related warrants (the “Brainlab warrants”), the provisions of which created: (a) a conversion feature allowing for $500,000 the principal balance of the Brainlab Note to be converted in a Qualified Public Offering, as defined in the amendment, at a public offering price that may be less than market value per share of the Company’s common stock; (b) down round strike price protection with respect to Brainlab warrants; and (c) warrants, issued in 2013, that contained net-cash settlement and down-round provisions (the “2013 warrants”). The conversion feature and the Brainlab warrants described herein terminated unexercised pursuant to the Company’s September 2018 repayment of the Brainlab Note as discussed in Note 5. The 2013 warrants expired in January 2018.


The fair values and the changes in fair values of derivative liabilities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:



Nine Months Ended

September 30,

        2018     2017    
Balance, beginning of period     $ 95,786   $ 131,173    
Reduction from warrant exercise       (31,468 )   (10,659 )  
Gain on change in fair value for the period       (64,318 )   (48,064 )  
Balance, end of period     $ -   $ 72,450