Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2015
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (condensed financial statements) have been prepared on a basis consistent with the Companys December 31, 2014 audited consolidated financial statements, and include all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly state the information set forth therein. The condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States (U.S.) Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rules for interim financial information, and, therefore, omit certain information and footnote disclosures necessary to present such statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (GAAP). The preparation of the condensed financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the related disclosures at the date of the financial statements and during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from these estimates. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014, which was filed with the SEC on March 17, 2015. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date, but does not include all information and footnotes required by GAAP for a complete set of financial statements. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 may not be indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year or any future periods.
Derivative Liabilities for Warrants to Purchase Common Stock
Derivative liabilities for warrants to purchase common stock represent the fair value of warrants issued in connection with certain private placements of shares of the Companys common stock (see Note 7). The fair values of these warrants are presented as liabilities based on certain net cash settlement and exercise price reset, or down round, provisions. These derivative liabilities are calculated utilizing the Monte Carlo simulation valuation method. Changes in the fair values of these warrants are recognized as other income or expense in the related statements of operations.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company measures and records certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis. GAAP provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority, referred to as Level 1, to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities. The next priority, referred to as Level 2, is given to quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; that is, markets in which there are few transactions for the asset or liability. The lowest priority, referred to as Level 3, is given to unobservable inputs. The table below reflects the level of the inputs used in the Companys fair value calculation for instruments carried at fair value at (see Note 7):
Carrying amounts of the Companys cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair values due to their short maturities.
The table below reflects the carrying values and the estimated fair values, based on Level 3 inputs, of the Companys outstanding notes payable, including the related accrued interest, at September 30, 2015:
Inventory is carried at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or net realizable value. Items in inventory relate predominantly to the Companys ClearPoint system. Software license inventory that is not expected to be utilized within the next twelve months is classified as a non-current asset. The Company periodically reviews its inventory for obsolete items and provides a reserve upon identification of potential obsolete items.
The Companys revenues are comprised of: (1) product revenues resulting primarily from the sale of ClearPoint system reusable and disposable products; (2) development service revenues; and (3) other service revenues. The Company recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, the selling price or fee is fixed or determinable, collection is reasonably assured and, for product revenues, risk of loss has transferred to the customer. For all sales, the Company requires either a purchase agreement or a purchase order as evidence of an arrangement. The Company analyzes revenue recognition on an individual arrangement basis. The Company determines whether deliverables under an arrangement represent one or more separate units of accounting as defined by GAAP. Application of GAAP regarding multiple-element arrangements requires management to make subjective judgments about the values of the individual elements and whether delivered elements are separable from the other aspects of the contractual relationship.
Sales of ClearPoint system reusable products: Generally, revenues related to the sale of ClearPoint system reusable products are recognized upon installation of the system and the completion of training of at least one of the customers physicians, which typically occurs concurrently with the installation. Reusable products include software which is integral to the utility of the system as a whole. Sales of reusable products that have stand-alone value to the customer are recognized when risk of loss passes to the customer. Sales of ClearPoint reusable products to a distributor that has been trained to perform system installations and to conduct ClearPoint physician training are recognized at the time risk of loss passes to the distributor.
Sales of disposable products: Revenues from the sale of disposable products, including ClearPoint system disposable products, are recognized at the time risk of loss passes to the customer, which is generally upon delivery to the customers location, depending on the agreed upon terms with the customer.
Net Loss Per Share
The Company computes net loss per share using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Basic and diluted net loss per share are the same because the conversion, exercise or issuance of all potential common stock equivalents, which are comprised of the Companys common stock options and warrants described in Note 7, would be anti-dilutive.
Concentration Risks and Other Risks and Uncertainties
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. The Company holds its cash and cash equivalents on deposit with financial institutions in the U.S. insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. At September 30, 2015, the Company had no bank balances that were in excess of the insured limits.
At September 30, 2015, three commercial customers represented 21%, 10% and 10% of the Companys accounts receivable balance. At December 31, 2014, two commercial customers represented 20% and 17% of the Companys accounts receivable balance. No other customer represented more than 9% of total accounts receivable at each of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014.
For the three months ended September 30, 2015, sales to three customers represented 16%, 11% and 10% of product revenues. For the three months ended September 30, 2014, sales to two customers represented 16% and 15% of product revenues. For the nine months ended September 30, 2015, sales to one customer represented 13% of product revenues. For the nine months ended September 30, 2014, sales to one customer represented 10% of product revenues. No other single customer represented more than 9% of product revenues for each of the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, and 8% of product revenues for each the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014. The Company performs credit evaluations of its customers financial condition, and generally does not require collateral from its customers. The Company will provide an allowance for doubtful accounts when collections become doubtful, but the Company has not experienced any credit losses or recorded any allowances to date.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, and as amended in August 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which creates a new Topic, Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606. The standard is principle-based and provides a five-step model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that an entity should recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This standard is effective for the Company beginning in 2018. Earlier application is permitted only as of 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASC Topic 606 on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-15, Disclosure of Uncertainties About an Entitys Ability to Continue as a Going Concern, which provides guidance on determining when and how to disclose going-concern uncertainties in financial statements. The new standard requires management to perform interim and annual assessments of an entitys ability to continue as a going concern within one year of the date the financial statements are issued. An entity must provide certain disclosures if conditions or events raise substantial doubt about the entitys ability to continue as a going concern. ASU 2014-15 applies to all entities and is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016, and interim periods thereafter, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this update on future disclosures concerning its liquidity position.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which requires debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability to be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. ASU 2015-03 requires retrospective adoption and is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015 and interim periods within those fiscal years. While ASU 2015-03 permits early adoption, the Company has opted to implement its provisions in conformity with its effective date. Adoption will result in offsetting reductions of assets and liabilities in the amount of the unamortized balances of debt issuance costs as of each balance sheet date, and will have no effect on consolidated results of operations.
In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory, which require an entity to measure inventor at the lower of cost and net realizable value, as opposed to the current requirement to measure inventory at the lower of cost or market, where market could be replacement cost, net realizable value, or net realizable value less an approximately normal profit margin. ASU 2015-11 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. ASU 2015-11 is to be applied prospectively with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company believes that adoption of ASU 2015-11 will not have a material effect on consolidated results of operations.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
No definition available.